Archiv für die Kategorie ‘Maghreb’

Ziel erreicht

Sonntag, 28. Juni 2015

Ein IS- Anhänger spricht:

Was will der Islamische Staat mit so einem Anschlag in Tunesien bezwecken?
Sie wollen die tunesische Wirtschaft kaputt machen, die auf Tourismus basiert. Dann wird der Staat destabilisiert und sie können das Volk gewinnen.

Und sie haben Erfolg:

Nach dem verheerenden Anschlag auf Touristen in Port El Kantaoui verlassen Tausende Urlauber das Land. Bis Sonntag wollten britische Reiseveranstalter 2500 Touristen heimbringen, der belgische Anbieter Jetair sprach von 2000 Urlaubern. Der Reiseveranstalter Tui rechnet damit, dass insgesamt 250 deutsche Urlauber ihre Ferien dort abbrechen werden. „Bis zum Sonntagabend werden wir rund 200 Gäste ausgeflogen haben“, sagte ein Sprecher des Unternehmens an diesem Sonntag in Port el Kantaoui.

Bei den Einheimischen ist das Entsetzen groß. Viele Tunesier können es nicht fassen: Erst im März kamen bei einem Anschlag auf das Bardo-Nationalmuseum in Tunis 21 Touristen ums Leben. Am Freitag dann wurden 38 Menschen bei dem Hotel-Attentat in Port el Kantaoui getötet – die meisten davon Urlauber aus Großbritannien und anderen europäischen Ländern. Auch ein Deutscher zählt zu den Opfern. Dass nun zahlreiche Touristen das Land erst einmal meiden, verstehen viele Tunesier. Zugleich bangen Hotelangestellte, Händler und andere Abhängige um ihre Zukunft. „Das ist ein tödlicher Schlag für den Tourismus“, sagt Ali Soltani, Händler in der Altstadt von Sousse. „Das ist mehr als eine Katastrophe, es gibt nun für mehrere Jahre keine Hoffnung“, sagt er. Auch der Kupferschmied Kamel Ben Sadok zeigt sich pessimistisch. „Ich habe gar keine Lust mehr zu arbeiten“, sagt er. „Seit gestern fühlen wir uns wie Dummköpfe, die nichts tun können.“

In Memoriam Yoav Hattab

Montag, 19. Januar 2015

150,000 people light candles and hold hands at vigil for Tunisian-born Yoav Hattab, killed in Paris terror attack.

Jews and Muslims alike congregated on Saturday night in front of the Great Synagogue in Tunis for a vigil in remembrance of Yoav Hattab, a Tunisian-born victim of the terror attack on the kosher supermarket in Paris less than two weeks ago.

The event also served as a show of support by local residents for the young man’s father, who is a rabbi at the Jewish school in the North African country’s capital city.

Source

Mehr Flüchtlinge

Samstag, 15. November 2014

The United Nations has warned of the growing humanitarian crisis in Libya due to the ongoing conflict in the country. About 400,000 people have fled the fighting in the past six months. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees says at least 106,000 people this month alone have fled their homes in Libya in search of a safe haven from warring parties.

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Beispiel für die Region

Sonntag, 02. November 2014

At a time when Arabs and Middle East watchers are desperately in need of some good news, the Tunisian election is, thankfully, providing a bumper crop. The trend in much of the rest of the region is bad — in several cases, desperately so. But Tunisia is demonstrating, along several crucial axes, how Arab societies can, indeed, move forward in a positive direction and a constructive manner.

There isn’t any reason particularly to believe in Tunisian exceptionalism though. True enough, Tunisians have continued to show the way forward, and this election is perhaps the biggest single expression of that regional moral and political leadership the country has developed. And, true enough, that all Arab states have unique features that set them apart from all the others.

But if Tunisians can achieve this kind of political accomplishment, which is routine in much of the world but unheard of and indeed revolutionary in the Arab world, why not see it as a bellwether for the future of the region? Why on earth would anyone want to (and it is a choice) assume that Tunisia is uniquely able to construct a democracy while the rest of the Arab world is consigned to long-term, or even permanent, incapability? It’s at least as plausible that Tunisia is demonstrating how democracy really works in the Arab world, and that this example will be followed, with modifications, elsewhere, given time.

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Herber Schlag für Islamisten in Tunesien

Dienstag, 28. Oktober 2014

Schon die Exit-Polls zur Parlamentswahl verhießen am Sonntagabend für die Islamisten der Ennahda-Partei nichts Gutes. Am Montag wurde es dann immer mehr zur Gewissheit: Die säkulare Allianz Nidaa Tounes hat die Parlamentswahl in Tunesien gewonnen. Das Parteienbündnis lag – nach vorläufigem Auszählungsstand – mit 83 Mandaten klar vor der Ennahda mit 68 Mandaten. Weitere der insgesamt 217 Sitze verteilten sich auf eine Vielzahl an Kleinparteien.

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The heritage of despotism

Dienstag, 29. Juli 2014

On the point. The dilemma of countries ruled by brutal dictators for decades:

Brian Katulis, a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress (…) traces the roots of Libya’s current crisis to a history scarred by years of dictatorship. “The sense of national unity and purpose had been decimated by decades and decades of dictatorship, and it was held together through vicious rule,” he said. “What we’re seeing there, and what we’re seeing in Iraq and other places in the Middle East, is what brutal totalitarian rule does to societies. It actually distorts the possibility for politics once they’re gone.”

Election results in Libya

Freitag, 25. Juli 2014

Of the total 200 seats in the new parliament, 188 were set, while the remaining 12 seats were absent due to boycott or insecurity in some electoral districts, according to Libya’s High National Electoral Commission.

Analysts said the secular factions have seemingly taken most of the seats, while the Islamist lawmakers, who had a bigger say in the old parliament, only won around 30 seats this time. Some feared that the results might intensify the current armed clashes between the secular forces and Islamist militants in the volatile North African country, given the imbalance of power between the two sides in the parliament.

Source

‘Honour killing’ of 13-year-old girl sparks protests in Tunisia

Sonntag, 22. Juni 2014

Some 300 people marched in Tunis Thursday to condemn the act of a man who allegedly burned his 13-year-old daughter to death because she was walking with a boy.

„No to violence against women and children,“ „Nowhere is safe,“ and „Eya is a victim of extremism and fanaticism,“ were among the messages on banners at the demonstration, dubbed „Silent march for Eya“.

According to preliminary results of the inquiry, the girl’s father sprayed her with petrol last month and set her on fire after seeing her in the street with a boy, the public prosecutor’s spokesman Allala Rhouma said.

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Talking about Sex in The Arab World

Montag, 09. Juni 2014

An interview with Shereen El Feki, author of Sex and the Citadel: Intimate Life in a Changing Arab World.

Do you see greater openness about sex as an extension of the Arab Spring?

We have all this grand rhetoric about justice and freedom and dignity and equality, but […] I fail to see how we’re going to walk the talk of empowering young people into being real leaders in their societies if we don’t trust them with information on sexual and reproductive life to lead their own intimate lives. I do not understand how we are going to empower women, politically or economically, if they do not have control over their own bodies. How are they going to speak out in the parliament or the boardroom if they can’t express themselves in the bedroom? It is all connected.

For These Moroccan Muslims, Mimouna Isn’t Just a Jewish Thing—It’s Their Heritage, Too

Freitag, 18. April 2014

These Mimouna youth are no longer alone in the Arab world. On the Jewish side, more American Jewish youth are also building alliances with groups like Mimouna Club, slowly changing the course of conversation about the Arab-Israeli conflict while learning more about the daily struggles, lives, and aspirations of Palestinian and Arab youth. And Palestinian students have also begun to engage in reciprocal actions. In fact, a group of Palestinian students recently made a visit to Auschwitz, led by Mohamed Dajani from al-Quds University. Many called for Dajani’s firing from the university, but Dajani is not new to these controversies. As founder of the Wasatia Mouvement, he has built academic relations with many in Israel and has advocated the teaching of the Holocaust and other cases of genocide in Palestinian schools, even as Palestinians fight for their rights with Israel and the recognition of the Nakba.

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Tunesien, Jahrestag des Sturzes von ben Ali

Mittwoch, 15. Januar 2014

How women should dress

Donnerstag, 09. Januar 2014

Source

Tunisia votes for gender equality in new charter

Montag, 06. Januar 2014

Tunisia’s national assembly on Monday approved an article in the draft constitution that would guarantee gender equality „without discrimination“ in the Muslim nation.

 „All male and female citizens have the same rights and duties. They are equal before the law without discrimination,“ states article 20 of the new charter, which was approved by 159 lawmakers out the 169 who voted.
Source

Tunisia, three years later

Mittwoch, 01. Januar 2014

Unlike their political elites, manyordinary Tunisians are actually calling for a second revolution; they are already protesting and are unsatisfied with the practices of Ennahda. The lack of security, the recurrent assassinations and the political corruption make this dissatisfaction unsurprising.

„Three years after the revolution, the political transition proved to be a failure. It is true that we had more or less successful elections but I personally think that the rise of an Islamist party to power had put an end to the dreams and ambitions of a big number of Tunisians,“ Ben Mhenni says.

Other issues, such as women’s rights, and the status of human rights in general, cause alarm to many activists. Reports about the persistence of torture in police stations and prisons fuel these worries.

Al-Gharby believes that in order for Tunisia to follow the path of the road map and to have political democratic transition, fair and transparent elections must be organised in the near future.

In spite of all the deficiencies, failures and disappointments, Tunisia has a strong civil society, and this will make a difference.

Source

Falscher Eindruck

Samstag, 23. November 2013

In einem Artikel ueber weibliche Repraesentanten der Kurdischen Regionalregierung wird Bayan Sami Abdul Rahman zitiert:

“One positive thing in Kurdistan is that we admit we have problems and we have rights activists (…) But this gives the impression to the world that we have more violence than in other places,” she added.

Damit weist sie auch einen wichtigen Punkt hin.  Ueberall im Nahen Osten gibt es uebelste, oft sogar religioes oder staatlich legitimierte, Gewalt gegen Frauen, sog. Ehrtoetungen, Zwangsverheiratungen, Vergewaltigungen und andere Formen sexualisierter Gewalt, um nur einige zu nennen.

In wenigen Laendern nur, dringen solche Informationen an die Oeffentlichkeit, werden gar von der Justiz verfolgt. Lieber verschweigt man sie, redet sie schoen, kehrt sie unter den Teppich.

Wer also ueber Gewalt gegen Frauen berichtet, so heisst es oft, ausgerechnet diese Laender seien besonders schlimm. Das aber stimmt eben nur teilweise. Vor zehn Jahren etwa galt Genitalverstuemmelung in Irakisch-Kurdistan nicht als Gewalt gegen Frauen, wurde deshalb statistisch auch gar nicht erfasst. Erst 2011 Verbot ein Gesetz die Anwefung koerperlicher Gewalt gegen Frauen in der Ehe.

In Europa etwa gilt Schweden als das Land mit der hoechsten Rate an Gewalt gegen Frauen, vor allem deshalb weil in dem skandinavischen Land sexualisierte und andere Gewalt sehr breit definiert wird, weshalb auch Taten dokumentiert werden, die in anderen Laendern nicht Gewalt aufgefasst und damit erfasst werden.

Depressionslandschaften

Sonntag, 10. November 2013

The Middle East and North Africa suffer the world’s highest depression rates, according to a new study by researchers at Australia’s University of Queensland — and it’s costing people in the region years off their lives.

The study, published this week in the journal PLOS Medicine, used data on the prevalence, incidence and duration of depression to determine the social and public health burden of the disorder around the world. Globally, they found, depression is the second-leading cause of disability, with slightly more than 4 percent of the world’s population diagnosed with it. The map at the top of this page shows how much of the population in each country has received a diagnosis of clinical depression.

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Is Libya lost?

Sonntag, 03. November 2013

James Traub in Foreign Policy:

Libya is carrying out a very peculiar, and right now very unhappy, experiment in political change. The 42-year-old reign of Muammar al-Qaddafi was so utterly personal that when he fell from power, everything fell with him. Libya was left with no governing institutions at all. It is, as the authors of a recent article in The Journal of Democracy observe, almost impossible to build a democracy and a government at the same time, since new leaders depend on institutions to deliver the benefits which convince citizens that democracy is worth having. What’s more, they write, Qaddafi’s revolutionary regime taught Libyans to trust no one beyond their own extended family, thus sowing a bone-deep distrust of government — which helps explain why the country’s 300 militias have refused to disarm, and why workers in the oil sector prefer blackmail to negotiations. (…)

Libya does not, however, prove that democracy in the Arab world is doomed. Of course it’s preferable for democratic habits and institutions to grow organically over time, or for autocrats to hand off power in „pacted transitions.“ But most autocrats won’t cooperate, and most people won’t wait. And so Libyans are now caught between building a country and holding it hostage. It’s a harrowing process, but it has also forced Libyans to devise their own rough-and-ready forms of compromise.

Public Kissing Day in Marcocco

Montag, 14. Oktober 2013

Moroccans have staged a Kiss-In last Saturday in Rabat to protest the arrest of three teenagers for merely posting pictures of themselves kissing on facebook:

Rücktritt

Samstag, 28. September 2013

Die von Islamisten gebildete tunesische Regierung steht nach einer wochenlangen Krise vor dem Rücktritt. An ihre Stelle soll nach offiziellen Angaben heute eine Übergangsregierung treten, deren wichtigste Aufgabe die Vorbereitung einer Neuwahl ist.

Über die Bildung der neuen Führung werde die islamistische Ennahda in der kommenden Woche mit weltlichen Parteien verhandeln. Die Krise hatte den weiteren Übergang des nordafrikanischen Landes zur Demokratie gefährdet.

Hauptstreitpunkt war die Rolle des Islam im politischen und gesellschaftlichen Leben. Viele eher weltlich orientierte Tunesier wehren sich gegen die von der Ennahda betriebene Islamisierung.

In Tunesien hatte 2011 der „arabische Frühling“ begonnen, in dessen Verlauf viele autoritär regierende Staatschefs entmachtet wurden. Die Verhandlungen über die Bildung der neuen Regierung würden bereits am Montag oder Dienstag beginnen, sagte ein Vertreter der Ennahda.

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Beispiel Libyen

Freitag, 13. September 2013

In 2004, Libya’s dictator, Moammar Qaddafi, signed on to the CWC, declaring his chemical-weapons stockpile for inspection and elimination. When Qaddafi was overthrown in 2011, the new Libyan government found two chemical-weapons sites he had not declared. Today, nine years after joining the treaty, Libya is still not entirely cleared of chemical munitions.

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